# bugprone-branch-clone¶

Checks for repeated branches in if/else if/else chains, consecutive repeated branches in switch statements and indentical true and false branches in conditional operators.

if (test_value(x)) {
y++;
do_something(x, y);
} else {
y++;
do_something(x, y);
}


In this simple example (which could arise e.g. as a copy-paste error) the then and else branches are identical and the code is equivalent the following shorter and cleaner code:

test_value(x); // can be omitted unless it has side effects
y++;
do_something(x, y);


If this is the inteded behavior, then there is no reason to use a conditional statement; otherwise the issue can be solved by fixing the branch that is handled incorrectly.

The check also detects repeated branches in longer if/else if/else chains where it would be even harder to notice the problem.

In switch statements the check only reports repeated branches when they are consecutive, because it is relatively common that the case: labels have some natural ordering and rearranging them would decrease the readability of the code. For example:

switch (ch) {
case 'a':
return 10;
case 'A':
return 10;
case 'b':
return 11;
case 'B':
return 11;
default:
return 10;
}


Here the check reports that the 'a' and 'A' branches are identical (and that the 'b' and 'B' branches are also identical), but does not report that the default: branch is also idenical to the first two branches. If this is indeed the correct behavior, then it could be implemented as:

switch (ch) {
case 'a':
case 'A':
return 10;
case 'b':
case 'B':
return 11;
default:
return 10;
}


Here the check does not warn for the repeated return 10;, which is good if we want to preserve that 'a' is before 'b' and default: is the last branch.

Finally, the check also examines conditional operators and reports code like:

return test_value(x) ? x : x;


Unlike if statements, the check does not detect chains of conditional operators.

Note: This check also reports situations where branches become identical only after preprocession.